What are the signs of autism?

Autism, or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a complex developmental disorder that affects communication, social interaction, and behavior. The signs and symptoms of autism can vary widely from person to person, but here are some common signs that may indicate autism:

  1. Social communication difficulties: Difficulty with verbal and nonverbal communication, such as difficulty with eye contact, facial expressions, gestures, and body language. A child with autism may also have delayed language development or difficulty initiating or maintaining conversations.
  2. Repetitive behaviors and routines: Repeating specific actions or phrases over and over, such as hand-flapping, rocking, spinning, or lining up toys. They may also have a strict adherence to routine and become upset with any changes to their schedule or environment.
  3. Sensory sensitivities: Over or under sensitivity to sensory input, such as being bothered by certain sounds or textures, or seeking out certain sensory experiences.
  4. Difficulty with social interactions: A child with autism may struggle to make and maintain friendships or engage in imaginative play with others. They may also have difficulty understanding social cues and emotions.
  5. Restricted interests: An intense interest in a specific topic or subject, to the point of excluding other activities or topics.

It’s important to note that not all children with autism will display all of these signs, and some may display them to a greater or lesser degree. It’s also important to remember that each child develops at their own pace, and it’s not uncommon for children to display some of these behaviors as a part of their normal development. However, if you have concerns about your child’s development or behavior, it’s always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider or a specialist in child development.

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